“Climate Justice!” “People Power” and “Planet and people before profits” can be heard echoing far around the globe. On the eve of COP 21, the Paris Climate Summit, at more than 23,000 events in 175 cities with 680,000 people, a collective voice demanded climate justice and a turn-around of the historically cavalier use of fossil fuels.
In Paris, 10,000 people took to the streets and formed a human chain despite a ban on protests because of the recent terrorism in that city. And the Eiffel tower lit up with a “100% renewable” sign. From Nepal to New York City, people spilled into their streets to demand reform from world leaders meeting this week in Paris. In London 50,000 marchers joined 60,000 in Melbourne, and 25,000 in Ottawa and 2000 in East Asia, with marchers even in the mountains of Nepal.
Pope Francis donated his shoes as did Ban Ki-Moon, U.N. Secretary General, to an installation of 20,000pairs of shoes displayed in Place de Republique in Paris, a statement of solidarity for climate justice for those who were not allowed to march by the Parisian authorities after the recent terrorist attacks. Some ignored the ban and marched anyway. Another protest is planned at the end of the summit.
The Climate Summit with 200 heads of state is taking place this week in Paris and will last 7 days beginning November 30 until December 11. The leaders will convene a meeting to reach consensus on the stakes and an agreement addressing global climate change. What’s at stake?
Hyperbole? Not according to the science. The science says that we (the collective humanity) are in big trouble. Under our watch, and in favor of profit and greed over people, we permitted the deterioration of our planet and allowed carbon to permeate our atmosphere and warm the earth to a level that now affects our climate and humanity’s future. COP 21 will try to hold the accumulation of CO2 (carbon dioxide) levels to the current measures so that the temperature does not increase more than 2° C. (Centigrade which is equivalent to 36.5 Fahrenheit.) Some scientists are saying even 1.5 degrees is too much and that some effects are irreversible.
This climate march will include youth from around the world, some of them still in grade school, who are very aware and very concerned about the Earth, protecting its resources and climate change. They are calling out the irresponsibility of adults for their lack of stewardship and cavalier treatment of our home planet. They are speaking up and speaking out with a growing network of grassroots organizations marshalling appeals to leaders and politicians to take aggressive action before it’s too late. One of the youth organizations is Generation Ryse a group of young people calling themselves “Earth Guardians.” Led by Xiuhtezcatl, a fifteen year old activist and eco-hip hop artist who has spoken at the U.N. and was given the Volunteer Service Award by President Barack Obama, who intends to wake up his generation and marshal their power to make a difference in the world and save the planet for future generations.
The guardians’ message is simple “for 25 years the older generations have been trying to stop the planet from going up in smoke from fossil fuels. The result is broken promises.” So, on November 30, students from all over the world will walk out of their classrooms to show solidarity and demand that world leaders address the crisis of climate change and their future.
What does the science say?
2° C. Danger Zone
“According to the IPCC, (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) global warming of more than 2°C would have serious consequences, such as an increase in the number of extreme climate events. In Copenhagen in 2009, the countries stated their determination to limit global warming to 2°C between now and 2100. To reach this target, climate experts estimate that global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions need to be reduced by 40-70% by 2050 and that carbon neutrality (zero emissions) needs to be reached by the end of the century at the latest.” (IPCC, 2014)
Climate change has a cascade effect and is predicted to impact weather, sea levels, water security, food production, the incidence of poverty, coastal erosion, wildfires, marine life, wildlife and livestock, species extinction, infrastructure, vector and water borne disease, human health and life span, livelihoods, habitat loss, failing ecosystems and economics among other realities. COP 21 is tasked to halt the runaway train called “climate change.”
“Coastal property and infrastructure: Within the next 15 years, higher sea levels combined with storm surge will likely increase the average annual cost of coastal storms along the Eastern Seaboard and the Gulf of Mexico by $2 billion to $3.5 billion. Adding in potential changes in hurricane activity, the likely increase in average annual losses grows to up to $7.3 billion, bringing the total annual price tag for hurricanes and other coastal storms to $35 billion.
Agriculture: A defining characteristic of agriculture in the U.S. is its ability to adapt. But the adaptation challenge going forward for certain farmers in specific counties in the Midwest and south will be significant. Without adaptation, some Midwestern and Southern counties could see a decline in yields of more than 10% over the next 5 to 25 years should they continue to sow corn, wheat, soy and cotton, with a 1-in-20 chance of yield losses of these crops of more than 20%.
Energy: Greenhouse gas-driven changes in temperature will likely necessitate the construction of up to 95 gigawatts of new power generation capacity over the next 5 to 25 years—the equivalent of roughly 200 average coal or natural gas-fired power plants—costing residential and commercial ratepayers up to $12 billion per year. “ (Bloomberg, 2015)
The Climate Change Synthesis Report for Policymakers for 2014 compiled by the IPCC lays out specific antidotes and actions to mitigate the impact of climate change through adaptation. It recommends actions in every system associated with preparedness for the coming significant changes. Here’s an abridged listing:
Adaptation Responses to Climate Change:
Poverty: Improved access and control of resources; land tenure; disaster risk reduction; social safety nets and protection.
Livelihood: Income; asset and livelihood diversification. Improved infrastructure; technology access; decision making; food growth; livestock and aquaculture changes; and reliance on social networks.
Disaster Management: Early warning systems; hazard and vulnerability mapping; improved water management; flood and storm shelters; building code review; transport and road improvements.
Ecosystem Management: Improved management of wetlands; urban green space development; coastal afforestation; watershed and reservoir management; reduction of stress on ecosystems; genetic diversity maintenance; disturbance protocols; community based natural resources.
Land planning and spaces: Adequate housing, infrastructure and services; oversight of risk areas (flood plains, dykes, earthquake prone, etc.;) urban planning; upgraded zoning and protected areas.
Structural and Physical: Improved environmental options for engineering and building; building codes; storm management; power and electricity grids. Technology development; agricultural variety; indigenous and local knowledge cultivation; water saving; desalination; food storage and preservation; passive heating and cooling; soil conservation; forest restoration; tree planting; fisheries management; assisted species migration and dispersal; seed banks; enhanced public health practices and emergency medical services.
Institutional: Economic options; financial incentives; insurance; catastrophe bonds; pricing water to encourage universal provisions and careful use; microfinance; disaster contingency funds; public–private partnerships; risk management; regulations, laws and agreements to protect security; land and water rights management; tiered adaptation plans; community based adaptation and disaster planning.
Social: Education and awareness; gender equity; participatory research and action; indigenous climate observations; early warning; diversification of preparedness and response; household preparation and evacuation planning; integrated assessments and social networking.
Spheres of change: Practical and social technological innovations; behavioral shifts; institutional and managerial changes; political, social, ecological and cultural decisions and actions that reduce vulnerability and risk; supportive adaptation; migration and sustainable development; changing personal, individual and collective assumptions; beliefs and values and worldviews influencing climate change.
Deliberate Climate Deception for Decades:
The new report Climate Deception Dossiers 2015, published by the Union of Concerned Scientists, contains a collection of internal memos from fossil fuel companies that knew as early as 1981 that their companies’ products were causing climate change. Some of the tactics outlined by companies to combat regulation to address climate change are contained in the documents and include deliberate obfuscation of the truth and to cause confusion and doubt in the minds of the public in addition to blocking any efforts to regulate or limit emissions.
“The internal documents were either leaked to the public, come to light through lawsuits, or been disclosed through Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests. They are related to some of the world’s largest fossil fuel companies, including BP, Chevron, Conoco, ExxonMobil, Peabody Energy, Phillips, and Shell, spanning the course of 27 years—memos that have either been. The documents show that: Companies have directly or indirectly spread climate disinformation for decades; Corporate leaders knew the realities of climate science—that their products were harmful to people and the planet—but still actively deceived the public and denied this harm; The campaign of deception continues, with some of the documents having surfaced as recently as in 2014 and 2015.
The report released by the Union of Concern Scientists has made the complete collection of 85 internal memos—totaling more than 330 pages available online.” (Union of Concerned Scientists Panel, 2015)
The COP 21 panel has a lot of work to do in a very few days and what they accomplish is pivotal. This week’s gathering has been hailed by some as at the most important meeting of the decade. Others claim it’s the most important meeting—ever. That may actually be true because not much else is going to happen without a planet.
There is an “upworthy” side to all of this if one considers what the climate crisis has done; it has and will, bring us together like nothing else has. People have not poured into the streets like this to protest, make their voices heard and make a difference since the run-up to the Iraq war. The critical nature of this situation is driving home the reality that we are all in this together and just maybe our petty differences and selfish and separate ambitions don’t mean so much anymore. Yes, we are learning indeed “We are one.” This situation is about to make that very, very clear. We can hope the opportunity is just as clear, especially to those whom are tasked to create it.
For real-time updates on the summit visit the Charter’s Environmental Partner: http://350.org/global-climate-march/climate-march/
Barbara Kaufmann, “One Wordsmith” is staff and Lead Volunteer for the “Arts” Sector of the Charter for Compassion International. She tells “story” in words, images, art, music, and film. Founder of “Words and Violence” Program about bullying in all its forms on this planet, and writer for Voices Education Project, Charter for Compassion International, Huffington Post contributor, poet, artist, scriptwriter and filmmaker—Barbara “writes to simply change the world” in favour of a more humane narrative on this planet.
- Bloomberg, M. (2015). Economic Risks of Climate Change.
- IPCC. (2014). IPCC Report on Climate Change.
- Union of Concerned Scientists Panel. (2015). The Climate Deception Dossiers 2015.